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Bosten Lake Basin and Water System


GUI Dongwei1,2,3CHENG Yong4DONG Zongwei5LI Bofei1,2LIU Yi1,2,3WANG Guangyan5LIU Chuang6
1State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,China2Cele National Station of Observation and Research for Desert-Grassland Ecosystems,Cele 848300,China3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China4Bosten Lake Management Station,Korla 841400,China5Tarim River Administration Bureau,Korla 841003,China6Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China

DOI:10.3974/geodb.2021.04.14.V1

Published:Apr. 2021

Visitors:334       Data Files Downloaded:36      
Data Downloaded:188.88 MB      Citations:

Key Words:

Bosten Lake,Kaidu River,Huangshuigou River,Qingshui River,Ulastai River,Xinjiang

Abstract:

Bosten Lake is located in Bayingolin Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. It is between 41°45′08″N and 42°15′10″N, 86°19′50″E and 87°24′50″E, located at the southern foot of Tianshan Mountain. The elevation of Bosten Lake is 1052.50 m (East Branch Inlet of Baolangsumu Diversion Gate) - 1047.77 m (Lianhua Gate outlet), and the average elevation is 1046.6 m. Bosten Lake is the largest inland freshwater lake in China, with an average depth of 7.5 m and a maximum depth of 16 m. The main source of water of Bosten Lake is the Kaidu River, which provides about 80% of the total water recharge. The Lianhua Gate outlet is the dividing line between Bosten Lake and Kongque River, which is also the initiation of Kongque River. The Bosten Lake basin is the catchment area of the Kaidu River, the Huangshuigou River, the Qingshui River and other water systems, and belongs to the Kaidu-Kongchu River basin. The area of Bosten Lake is 1563.27 km² (Albers projection, 2015) and the perimeter is 623.41 km (Lambert projection). The water system in the Bosten Lake basin includes Kaidu River, Huangshugou River, Qingshui River and Ulastai River. The lengths of their main streams are 592.58 km, 108.90 km, 89.67 km, and 83.15 km, respectively. The annual water intake of Bosten Lake is 26.13 x 108m3 (2015), and the annual outflow and inflow of the Kongque River is 11.53 x 108m3. The dataset was developed based on Google earth images in 2015. It includes: (1) the boundary data of the Bosten Lake Basin; (2) the water system data; (3) the Bosten Lake; (4) water inflow and outflow of Bosten Lake from 1991 to 2020. The dataset is archived in .kmz, .shp and .xlsx data formats, and consists of 44 data files with data size of 37.30 MB (compressed to 4 files with 18.5 MB).

Foundation Item:

Chinese Academy of Sciences (KFJ-STS-QYZD-114)

Data Citation:

GUI Dongwei, CHENG Yong, DONG Zongwei, LI Bofei, LIU Yi, WANG Guangyan, LIU Chuang. Bosten Lake Basin and Water System[J/DB/OL]. Digital Journal of Global Change Data Repository, 2021. DOI: 10.3974/geodb.2021.04.14.V1.

Data Product:

ID Data Name Data Size Operation
1 BostenLake.kmz 2375.76KB
2 BostenlakeBasin.kmz 1090.21KB
3 BostenLakeWaterSystem.kmz 6069.28KB
4 _BostenLakeBasin&WaterSystem.rar 9477.17KB
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