Haiti Earthquake (2010) Remote Sensing Analysis and Quick Response to UN Datasets
LIU Chuang1GUO Huadong2LV Tingting2WANG Jinnian2LIU Dingsheng2WANG Shixin2GU Xingfa2QU Guosheng3
1State Key Lab. of Resources & Environmental Information System，Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research CAS2Institute of Remote sensing and Digital Earth， Chinese Academy of Sciences3National earthquake response support service，China
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Haiti,earthquake,2010,road,building collapse,temporary shelters,1m resolution
Haiti, located in the Caribbean, suffered a magnitude 7.0 quake that struck on January 12, 2010. The epicenter was 18.457 degrees N, 72.533 degrees W, a distance of about 15 km from the Haiti capital, Port Au Prince. Because the earthquake was so close to the city and the seismic capacity of the buildings in the area was too weak to withstand the strong earthquake, most of the buildings were either destroyed or damaged. The United Nations launched an emergency rescue and called upon many organizations on a worldwide basis to help Haiti recover from the damage. The Chinese Academy of Sciences was the lead organization in the Global Alliance for Enhancing Access to and Application of Scientific Data in Developing Countries, of the Global Alliance for ICT and Development, at UNDESA (UNDESA GAID-eSDDC) from 2007-2012. After the Haiti earthquake, the CAS team took a quick response action to develop the road system, and provide the building collapse and rescue camp information based on the high-resolution satellite (1m) remote sensing data from the Quick Bird (USA), GeoEye (USA). and Beijing-1 (China) satellites. The datasets in 1m resolution were developed within a few days, which showed that the total length of the developed roads was 1839.km, the area of collapsed buildings was 1861724.4m2, and the area of rescue camps was 691623m2. The datasets were produced in GIS format and were delivered to the UN (UN-SPIDER in Germany and UNDESA in New York) on January 18, 2010, as soon as they were developed. Feedback expressing appreciation was sent by email from both UN-SPIDER and UNDESA to CAS the same day.
LIU Chuang,GUO Huadong,LV Tingting,WANG Jinnian,LIU Dingsheng,WANG Shixin,GU Xingfa,QU Guosheng.2014.Haiti Earthquake (2010) Remote Sensing Analysis and Quick Response to UN Datasets ( HaitiEQ_2010data ) ,Global Change Research Data Publishing & Repository,DOI:10.3974/geodb.2014.02.09.V1