Coastline Data of Java Island
ZHOU Xiang1LV Tingting1TAO Zui1LIU Chuang2SHI Ruixiang2
1Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth，Chinese Academy of Sciences，Beijing，China，1001012Institute of Geographical Scieces and Natural Resources Research，Chinese Academy of Sciences，Beijing，China 100101
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Java is a long and narrow Island of Indonesia with Sumatra to the northwest, Bali to the east, Sulawesi to the northeast and Christmas Island to the south. It is the 13th largest island in the world and the 5th largest island in Indonesia. Based on the coastline data of Java Island, extracted from Google Earth images, Java island is located from 5?52'33.46" S to 8?46'49.45"S and 105?12'34.28" to 114?36'20.05"E, with an area of 126731.47 square km and 3756.59km long of coastlines. The maximum width of Java is 197.17km from north to south and its maximum length is 1,059.30 km from east to west. Java is located almost entirely in the equatorial rain belt which has a typical tropical climate. Annual mean temperature ranges from 22?C to 29?C. There are two seasons in a year: the wet season begins in November and ends in April, and the dry season is from May to October. Java contains many active volcanoes spread all over the island. The highest volcano in Java is Mount Semeru (8.108?S,112.92?E) with an elevation of 3,676 m. The most active volcano in Java and also in Indonesia is Mount Merapi (7.542?S 110.442?E) with an elevation of 2,968 m. Java Island contains a variety of ecosystems. These include mangrove forests on the north coast, rocky coastal cliffs on the southern coast, and tropical rainforests in the interior. Java is the most populous island in the world. The coastline data of Java Island is archived in .kmz and .shp data formats, the compressed file size is 502KB.
ZHOU Xiang,LV Tingting,TAO Zui,LIU Chuang,SHI Ruixiang.2016.Coastline Data of Java Island ( JavaIsland ) ,Global Change Research Data Publishing & Repository,DOI:10.3974/geodb.2016.01.18.V1