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Dataset of Famine in Jiangsu-Shanghai Region during Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)


Wei Zhudeng1
1School of Geographical Sciences,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing 210044,China

DOI:10.3974/geodb.2021.04.02.V1

Published:Apr. 2021

Visitors:594       Data Files Downloaded:40      
Data Downloaded:0.97 MB      Citations:

Key Words:

famine,semantic differential,disaster-causing factors,Qing Dynasty,Jiangsu and Shanghai region

Abstract:

The dataset of famine in Jiangsu-Shanghai region during Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) was developed based on historical records and related documentations. The famine records, including the time, location, degree and causes of famines have been collected in Jiangsu and Shanghai during 1644-1911. Then, two annual sequences of famines (frequency of counties affected by famine and its weighted index) were reconstructed by using the semantic differential method and weighted index. The famine indexes were further used to quantitatively explore the spatial variations of the famines, including different factors causing disasters during the Qing Dynasty. The dataset includes: (1) the famine sequence data, including annual records of famine in each level and annual temporal data of total famine in counties and famine index; (2) Famine index data in each county; (3) famine index data of different causing factors (flood, drought, wind and tide, freezing and insect disasters). The dataset is archived in .xlsx data format, and consists of one data file with data size of 24.9 KB. The analysis paper based on the dataset was published at Progress in Geography, Vol. 39, No. 8, 2020.

Foundation Item:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (41701219); National Key Research and Development Project (2019YFC0507801, 2016YFA0600401)

Data Citation:

Wei Zhudeng. Dataset of Famine in Jiangsu-Shanghai Region during Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)[J/DB/OL]. Digital Journal of Global Change Data Repository, 2021. DOI: 10.3974/geodb.2021.04.02.V1.

References:

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     [4] Teng, J. C., Su, Y., Fang, X. Q. The reconstruction and analysis of famine sequence form the Western Han to the Qing Dynasty (206BC-1911AD) [J]. Journal of Chinese Historical Geography, 2014, 29(4): 26-32.
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     [7] Huo, E. J., Liu, C. S. Compilation of Historical Data on Natural Disasters in Shanghai (AD.751-1949) [M]. Beijing: Earthquake Press, 2002.
     [8] Office of Jiangsu Local Chronicle Compilation Committee. General Records of Jiangsu Province (Disaster) [M]. Nanjing: Jiangsu Ancient Books Publishing House, 2000.
     [9] Fang, X. Q., Su, Y., Yin, J., et al. Methodology for quantifying social and economic series on the base of semantic differential to serve the research on impacts of climate change [J]. Quaternary Science, 2014, 34(6): 1204-1214.
     [10] Wei, Z. D., Fang, X. Q., Su, Y. Climatic impacts on the fiscal balance in ancient China [J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2015, 35(9): 1156-1163.
     [11] Niu, P. H. Evolution of Administrative Divisions in Qing Dynasty [M]. Beijing: SinoMaps Press, 1990.
     [12] Tan, Q. X. Historical Atlas of China (Volume 8) [M]. Beijing: SinoMaps Press, 1982.
     [13] Chinese Academy of Meteorological Science, China Meteorological Administration. Yearly Charts of Dryness/Wetness in China for the Last 500-year Period [M]. Beijing: SinoMaps Press, 1981.
     

Data Product:

ID Data Name Data Size Operation
1 FamineSUHU_1644-1911.xlsx 24.94KB
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