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Outline of Lake Qinghai


GOU Zhaojun1LIU Fenggui1LIU Chuang2CHEN Lijun3
1Department of Geographic Sciences,Qinghai Normal University,Xining 810008,China2Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China3National Geomatics Center of China,Beijing 100830,China

DOI:10.3974/geodb.2018.02.18.V1

Published:Mar. 2018

Visitors:570       Data Files Downloaded:54      
Data Downloaded:64.40 MB      Citations:

Key Words:

Lake Qinghai,Qinghai-Tibet Plateau,saltwater lake,Bird Island,data encyclopedia

Abstract:

Lake Qinghai is known as "Kunuoer" and "Cuowenbu" in the Mongolian and Tibetan languages, which all mean "blue sea". Lake Qinghai is located in the northeastern of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and is the largest inland saltwater lake on the plateau. Its geo-location is between 36°32′56″N and 37°14′5″N, 99°36′58″E and 100°45′32″E. It is high in the northeast and low in the southeast, surrounded by Datong Mountain, Riyue Mountain and the South Mountain of Qinghai. The area of Lake Qinghai is 4304.79 km² (2015) and the shoreline is 501.04 km long (2015). There are five islands in the lake Qinghai: Haixinshan, Sankuaishi, Bird island, Haixishan and Sand Island, in which the area of the biggest one is 1.17 km² (2015) and the least one is 4666 km² (2015). The lake Qinghai is in the continental climate on the plateau, with high cold and dry. The annual precipitation is about 370mm, and the annual evaporation is about 1500mm. The main rivers around the Lake Qinghai are Buha River, Wuha Alan River, Shaliu River, Haligen River, Ganzi River, Daotang River and Heima River, among which the Buha River has the largest surface runoff in the lake area. The surrounding region of Lake Qinghai is suitable for tourism. It was honored as the National 5A Level Scenic Spot in 2011, and listed as the National Geological Park in 2012.

Foundation Item:

Data Citation:

GOU Zhaojun,LIU Fenggui,LIU Chuang,CHEN Lijun.Outline of Lake Qinghai[DB/OL].Global Change Research Data Publishing & Repository,2018.DOI:10.3974/geodb.2018.02.18.V1.

Data Product:

ID Data Name Data Size Operation
1 LakeQinghai.kmz 911.76kb DownLoad
2 LakeQinghaishp.rar 1488.03kb DownLoad
Co-Sponsors

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Geographical Society of China

Parteners

Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) Task Group on Preservation of and Access to Scientific and Technical Data in/for/with Developing Countries (PASTD)

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Digital Linchao GeoMuseum